The Continental Congress of the United States of America voted for independence from Great Britain on July 2, 1776, not July 4. July 4 is the date the Declaration of Independence, primarily written by Thomas Jefferson, was adopted.
Taxes were at the heart of the revolution. The Sugar Act. The Stamp Act. The Townshend Acts. All were measures designed to raise revenues from the colonists to pay war debts arising from the French and Indian War.
The Colonists felt they should not pay the taxes because they were passed in England by Parliament, not by colonial governments. They resented “taxation without representation.”
It’s theorized that King George III, the “mad king who lost America,” suffered from bipolar disorder. Despite this, he ruled Great Britain for 60 years.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord kicked off the American Revolutionary War on April 19, 1775, more than a year before the Colonies would declare independence. Paul Revere and other riders sounded the alarm that “The British are Coming” although he never actually said that.
The last battle of the Revolutionary War was the Battle of Yorktown, Oct. 10, 1781. Over the course of the war, more than 231,000 men served in the Continental Army, although the total force of the Army at any one time never exceeded 48,000 men.
On June 7, 1776, Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee introduced a motion calling for the colonies’ independence. After a heated debate, Congress postponed a vote on the motion and appointed a committee to draft a formal statement of independence.
Five men were appointed to the committee: Thomas Jefferson of Virginia; John Adams of Massachusetts; Roger Sherman of Connecticut; Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania; and Robert Livingston of New York.
On July 2, the Continental Congress voted in favor of Lee’s resolution. The vote wasn’t unanimous. Having failed to receive instructions from home, the New York delegates abstained from the vote. On July 9, New York joined the other colonies in supporting Independence.
On July 4, Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence, which was largely written by Thomas Jefferson. The document consists of five parts: introduction, preamble, body (consisting of two sections) and conclusion.
The most famous sentence from the Declaration of Independence is this one: “We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
The notion that governments derive their powers from the consent of the governed was a radical departure from the English monarchy and began the “American experiment” of representative democracy.
The National Assembly in France used the Declaration of Independence as a model when drafting its Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen in 1789, at the beginning of the French Revolution.
The French became involved in the American Revolutionary War in 1775, secretly shipping supplies to the Continental Army. France’s help was pivotal in the Revolutionary War. (And it didn’t hurt that the French had a long-standing, bitter rivalry with the British.)
Founding Father John Adams believed the correct date to celebrate independence was July 2. It’s said he turned down invitations to speak at July 4th events.
Both Adams and Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.
We Americans are a strong, proud and fiercely independent bunch. Nowhere is that truer than among our senior citizens. Today’s seniors want to be independent and autonomous for as long as they possibly can. They want … and deserve … the opportunity to age in place in their homes, in surroundings that are comfortable and familiar to them.
Choices Personal Lifestyle Management specializes in helping people of all ages, seniors included, maintain their independence and live their best life. Choices personnel achieve this by helping out around the home. They:
• Provide transportation to doctor’s visits, grocery store, senior center, shopping malls … anywhere the senior wants to go!
• Complete household chores like vacuuming, mopping, taking out trash, changing linens, doing the laundry, cleaning the fridge.
• Take care of outside tasks, like weeding gardens, watering flowers, putting out and putting away lawn/patio furniture
• Cook – whether it’s daily meals or a special occasion celebration
• Assist with gift shopping, wrapping, mailing packages
• Provide companionship … playing board games, telling stories, reminiscing, accompanying the individual to church, social functions and events
• Safety-proofing and decluttering the home. Preparing for garage sales, taking donations to charitable organizations, etc.
Today’s seniors want to live life to the fullest and they’re not about to give up their independence readily. The Choices Personal Lifestyle Management program is here to help. For more information on how Choices can help you – or someone you care about, please call (419) 951-3007 to get started!